Kategori: EDISI KE V
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KEEFEKTIFAN PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN PERAWAT DALAM PENCEGAHAN INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL
KEEFEKTIFAN PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN PERAWAT
DALAM PENCEGAHAN INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL PADA
BAYI DI RUANG NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH WATES KULON PROGO
Siti Maryati*)
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
ABSTRACT
 
  
Background: World Health Organization estimates that the world’s neonatal mortality rate has reached 298,000 or 49 per 1000 live births; Some causes of neonatal death are infections (36%), therefore, nurses’ knowledge and skills on the prevention of infection need to be improved in order to suppress the incidence of neonatal infection and deaths.
  
Objective: Improving Nurses’ Ability in Preventing the Infection of ‘Nosokomial’ to Infants through Trainings of Preventing Infection in the NICU of Wates District Hospital, Kulon Progo.
 
Methods: This was an applied study using an Pre experimental study design and One Group pre and post design. The study sites were in the NICU of Wates District Hospital, Kulon Progo, with study subjects as many as 15 nurses.
 
Results: Of the pretest, the subjects’ characteristics based on the education were 14 people (93.33) while the practice mean value was 15.40 and standard deviation was 4.37. After being given treatment in the form of training, the most common practice done was to wear gloves as many as 11 people (73.33%) and the least done was to wash hands as many as 9 people (60%). The highest improvement aspect was the aspect of processing used tools with a mean difference value of the pretest and the second week posttest as much as 4.46 and the owest improvement aspect was the aspect of hand-washing with a mean difference in pretest and the second week posttest as much as 0.73. The value of infection prevention practices according to the standard in general presented an increase from 0% in the pretest to 53.33% (8 people) in the first week posttest and 46.67% (7 people) in the second week posttest.
 
Conclusion: Training on the prevention of nosocomial infection effectively improved nurses’ practice skills in the prevention of nosocomial infections in accordance with the standard.
 
Keywords: Training, Prevention of nosocomial infections, Neonates
 
PENDAHULUAN
World Health Organization (WHO) memperkirakan kematian neonatus sebanyak 298.00 atau 49 per 1000 kelahiran hidup. Tiga perempat dari kematian neonatal terjadi pada minggu pertama, dan lebih dari seperempat terjadi pada 24 jam pertama kehidupan. Penyebab kematian neonatal bervariasi sesuai dengan ketersediaan dan kualitas perawatan kesehatan dari setiap negara, sedangkan kematian neonatal karena infeksi 36%, kelahiran prematur 28% dan 23% asfiksia lahir.(1)
 
 
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